What causes porn addiction

Helping or Harming Our Brains?

Online Porn Addiction: What We Know and What We Don’t—A Systematic Review

Over the past decade there has been much debate about the merits and risks of viewing pornography. Anti-porn advocates often argue that viewing erotic images can alter the brain and result in porn addiction. In this article we take a look at some of the recent research to better understand what the data tells us about pornography, psychology, and the brain. One does not have to go very far to obtain pornography; there are literally millions of websites at an what user's fingertips. Most people who use porn do not spend that much time on sexy naked chicks in bondage. Some highlights, derived from the data collected through a survey conducted by the Kinsey Institute, reveal that:.

Why do so many people use porn? To some extent, its availability certainly explains the increased use.

The Hidden Wisdom of Porn Addiction | Psychology Today

A person gif of teens abused might not have been motivated to make a trip out to an adult store to buy a porn magazine, or pursue other avenues of obtaining addiction and satisfaction, perhaps would be inclined to click a mouse. As porn use has become more widespread, the reasons for its use have diversified.

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What are both benefits and risks associated with pornography. The availability of porn has made it possible for a number of individuals who might have felt insecure or guilty about their sexuality, or sexual desires, to be able to gain familiarity and comfort with practices that are closer to their realm of experience.

Compulsion vs. Addiction

Some examples include:. For addiction users, pornography provides a way to cope with the difficulties they might be facing, such as stress, depression, or loneliness. Porn can ensue when use accompanies impulsivity, or when users do not feel they have control over their use. There is a fair amount of research that substantiates the idea that problematic pornography use correlates with psychological problems such as depression and anxiety: More than half of men who use porn have acknowledged that their porn use has caused them problems in life, with the majority experiencing psychological and behavioral repercussions.

This may both result from pornography usage and perpetuate further behavior. Additionally, a growing body of research exists that causes the argument for a correlation between internet causes use and impulsive behaviors. Initial findings suggest that impulsiveness extends to all internet pornography users and not only to problematic use.

How to Identify and Treat a Pornography Addiction

Recent research has shown that non-drug addictions such porn gambling, binge-eating, and sexual activities affect brain function in ways similar to alcohol and drug addiction. One of the neurotransmitters frequently identified as central to addiction is dopamine. A behavior or drug that produces pleasure induces a rush of dopamine that ultimately "reinforces" that behavior, making it more likely to occur. The amygdala, basal ganglia, and other reward centers play a role in the reinforcement of the activity that produces pleasure. Changes in the brain's neural pathways are referred to as "plasticity"; and "synaptic plasticity" refers to changes among neuronal connections [13].

As researchers strive to clarify the possible similarities and differences between substance abuse disorders and problematic behavior, such as excessive porn use, clinical evidence increasingly suggests overlap in both predispositions and their impact on psychological issues and brain structure.